How to cut wood to make a picture frame without a miter saw


Introduction: Construct a Image Body

By canida

Extra by the creator:

About: I helped begin Instructables, beforehand labored in biotech and educational analysis labs, and have a level in biology from MIT. Presently at our mum or dad firm Autodesk, studying new issues, and attempting to catch … Extra About canida »

construct a high-end wooden image body to accommodate a big oil on canvas. Superior artwork by Emily Keyishian.


65. Picture Body with Mod Podge Peel and Stick Stencils

So, the news is that mod podge has got this exciti

So, the information is that mod podge has acquired this thrilling stencil that you need to use and add much more creativity to your crafts! Having mentioned that, why not make a stunning picture body with mod podge peel and stencils? Know all the small print right here. unoriginalmom

Step 12: Hand-sand

Now that you’ve got let your body dry for a day or two, take away the clamps and provides it a test-wiggle. Your body must be rock-solid. Now snip or noticed off the protruding biscuit suggestions, and we’ll get on with the hand-sanding.You may want a wide range of grits: I gave the biscuit suggestions a once-over with 100 grit to create a clean floor, then hit the complete piece with 220, 320, then 400 grit. Sand with the grain, and wipe clear with tack material* between sandings. I most likely ought to have given the floor one other hit with 800 grit paper, however was getting form of drained at this level.*The microfiber tack cloths are preferable to the gummed variations in some ways: they’re reusable after washing, and are not lined in nasty gummy goo.Here is an Instructable on removing sawdust.

11. Upcycled Outdated Image Frames with Decoupage

Do you love to believe that the best part of life

Do you like to consider that the perfect a part of life is “Meals”? In fact, what else might or not it’s! This upcycled old picture frames with decoupage are going to make your cooking wonders a lot extra enjoyable! Redo the ugly and boring outdated frames by getting the key concept from this DIY picture body tutorial! firstdayofhome

STEP 10: Use a Mild-Responsibility Stapler to Safe the Image and Cardboard

For this challenge, I didn’t get glass lower, however you may simply head to an area ironmongery shop (verify your native listings for who provides this service; not each residence enchancment retailer does).

I’m did find yourself laminating my guidelines in order that I can reuse it again and again with out having to take away the again.

To safe the again, I used a light-duty stapler to staple into the sting of the wooden within the again, which was sufficient to carry the cardboard and guidelines inside.


Flip over the image body molding and take a look at its again facet. There must be a rabbet – an oblong groove – lower into the nook edge. The rabbet is a small rectangular part that’s lower away from the again nook fringe of the molding’s profile. That is what distinguishes image body molding from different forms of molding. This rabbet permits area for the glass, mat, image and backing to put contained in the body. Measure the width of that rabbet: 1/4 inch is typical. Double the rabbet width and subtract it from the adjusted dimensions from Step 1. For instance: 1/4-inch rabbet width doubled is 1/2 inch. Subtract 1/2 inch from 8 1/8 to get 7 5/8 inches. That is the lower width or image body molding width. Subtract 1/2 inch from 12 1/8 to get 11 5/8 inches. That is the lower size or image body molding size.

a)  Construct Auxiliary Fence for Miter Noticed

The primary body could be made utilizing only a miter saw and a handheld router.  One factor that’ll make your image frames quite a bit cleaner and extra correct is an auxiliary fence in your miter noticed.  I made a quite simple one from ½” plywood screwed collectively at 90 levels. Simply ensure to position the screws exterior the blade path so that you don’t hit one.

Next I swung my saw 45 degrees to the left and madMost miter saws have holes of their fences to connect a further fence.  I used ½” pan head screws and secured the brand new fence to the noticed so it wouldn’t transfer whereas chopping.

Subsequent I swung my noticed 45 levels to the left and made the preliminary lower within the fence.  Then I made a sequence of check cuts to see how effectively it lined up. And by some woodworking miracle it was good.  Sometimes you’ll must nudge the blade left or proper to get it excellent.

Jon PetersI used a tip I picked up from Jon Peters and made some reference traces on the fence.  For the 8×10 frames I went 8-⅛”” and 10-1/8” from the blade kerf and made marks on the again fence. Then I used a forty five diploma drafting sq. to attract traces parallel to the lower the road.

To make this picture frame I’m using an 8’ select

To make this image body I’m utilizing an 8’ choose pine 1×2 you will get at most residence enchancment shops.  I began by chopping it in half as you will get two 8×10 frames from one board. However I’d truly suggest chopping all of your materials immediately in half at 90 levels earlier than adjusting your miter noticed.

How To Measure Miter Cuts for Image Frames

We all know the alternative rails on a body should be precisely the identical size to have a sq. body.  We additionally know that we’re chopping a 45-degree angle at each ends of these rails.  This implies every rail could have an extended outer measurement than the interior measurement, with the interior measurement being the identical because the piece being framed and the glass cowl of the piece, if a photograph.

When using a miter saw on your cuts, a cease block is critical to butt the already-cut finish of the rail in opposition to when making the second lower on the rail’s different finish.  The cease block should itself be an ideal 45-degree block and measured from the blade on the interior dimension of the rail.

We’ve calculated 60” of inventory for the challenge, utilizing the above instance.  The 2 stiles will likely be 13” on the within; and, the 2 rails will likely be 17”, once more on the within.

However, we additionally know the surface of the rail will likely be longer than the within.  This implies 60” isn’t going to chop it (pun supposed), and we’ll run a bit quick.   It can depend upon the width of the molding you’re utilizing on your body.

The components is fairly widespread sense:

  • There will likely be 8 ends (4 rails x 2 ends).
  • You’ll want a further inventory measurement to compensate for the surface rail measurement, and that’s primarily based upon the width of the molding.
  • If the molding width is 3 inches, you’ll lose 3 inches on a 45-degree miter lower. One other means of claiming that is the surface of the rail will likely be 3” longer than the within of the rail.
  • The components, then, is 8 ends x 3” molding width, or 24 inches. You’ll want 84” of inventory on your body.

This offers you sufficient inventory to accommodate all of the miter cuts and the 8 ends of the rails and stiles.

STEP 3: Lower the Proper Facet of the Image Body

At that time, I used to be then prepared to chop the opposite 45-degree angle.

This was the highest piece of the image body.

NOTE: Because the image body molding could be a bit lengthy, you should definitely have somebody assist the longer facet if you happen to don’t have an extended desk to assist it. In any other case, it might chip off like mine did after I sawed via it.

Since my image cleansing guidelines was a bit rectangular, the highest and backside had been the identical, and I re-measured to make the edges.

Straightforward DIY Floating Image Body Model 1

Model 1 is my private favourite, so I’ll begin with it 😊

This specific floating image body design requires ¾″ square dowels and 1×2 board. It’s principally only a 1×2 wrapped round a sq. dowel body.


I used ¾” sq. dowels for this and arrange my miter noticed to chop 45 levels.  Now, you don’t should miter these.  You possibly can go away it on 90 and make butt joints.  You additionally don’t want a MITER noticed for this.  Any noticed which you could lower pretty straight with will work wonderful.


I principally trimmed 4 items of sq. dowel in order that when match collectively, they’d be simply barely (like ⅛″) greater than the plexiglass piece I used to be placing in it.

I utilized wooden glue to the corners and nailed them along with brad nails.  If you’re affected person, and don’t have a nail gun, merely glue and clamp till dry.


After the glue had dried, I lower to suit 1×2 items with 45 diploma mitered corners round this body.  Once more, butt joints are wonderful right here if you wish to skip the mitered corners.


I glued and nailed these 1x2s across the edges leaving about ¼” protruding the again facet of the plexiglass, in order that after I set up the 2 ⅛″ plexiglass items, it’ll be flush throughout the again facet of the body.

Then, I screwed these twisty tabs into the again sides of the body to carry the plexiglass in place.  I’ll return and clear the sawdust off the plexiglass later, however for now, I set this off to the facet to make the subsequent body.


Loosen the angle adjustment knob on the miter noticed and swivel it to the precise till the angle indicator is on the 45-degree mark, then tighten.


  • Picture Mat Cutter
  • Razor blade
  • Stage
  • Further set of fingers (you want one particular person to carry the extent and one other to make use of the cutter)

How To Lower Image Body​ Particulars

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a)  Use Router Desk to Lower Profile on Image Body

For the third body I introduced out the massive weapons and added a router table to the combination. With a router desk you open up an entire new world of choices for profiles. The one I’m utilizing right here is the forged iron high desk from JET, the opposite sponsor of at present’s challenge.  It’s acquired a chain-driven router carry that allow’s you modify bits above the desk and make micro changes to the peak of the bit.

It was a little small for what I was going for so I had a tough concept of what I needed to do with the profile, however actually I simply jumped into it. Utilizing a cove bit, I made a sweeping curve on the within of the body.

JET router tableIt was a bit small for what I used to be going for therefore I raised the bit and made one other move. That’s the fantastic thing about engaged on this JET router table, you may actually wonderful tune issues very simply.

This is very subtle but will create some really coSubsequent I unplugged the router and adjusted over from a cove bit to a straight bit. I put a small ⅛” by ⅛” groove alongside the interior edge.

I put a small roundover on both sides of a ¼” off That is very delicate however will create some actually cool shadow traces within the ultimate piece.  I’m actually a fan of easy appears to be like so I made a decision to cease the profiling right here.

I put a small roundover on either side of a ¼” off lower from the body inventory to point out how this might look. The probabilities actually are limitless when doing profiles on the router desk.

Floating Image Body Hanging Choices

The ultimate step is clear up and hanging.  I used some glass cleaner to scrub up all of the noticed mud, then used a chunk of double sided tape on the again plexiglass piece to ensure the photographs keep in place, then put the frames again collectively.


To hold, you need to use your standard sawtooth hangers for this.

Or just place it on a shelf.


OR, use a drill to drill holes into the corners to run some paracord and hold it on a chunk of wooden dowel you screwed into the wall.

As you may see, making image frames doesn’t should be difficult.  It is a nice newbie challenge you may deal with with minimal instruments and get as artistic as you need. 


I truly hung these graphics up in my desk space to assist maintain me motivated whereas working alone from residence proper now. So, now that my desk area is full, I suppose I ought to most likely get again to work 😊

I hope you’ve loved this little challenge.  There are loads extra coming your means, so you should definitely subscribe to my e-newsletter under so that you don’t miss out on what’s coming subsequent!


And don’t neglect to pin this for later!

Till subsequent time, pleased constructing 😊

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Hand Noticed and Miter Field

Maybe you’re old fashioned and need to do the whole lot by hand. Maybe you’re simply beginning out, and Dad or a favourite uncle has left you his hand instruments.  Maybe you’re within the midst of an influence outage and may’t use your energy instruments.

No drawback, as old fashioned will work simply wonderful as effectively.  The identical math applies; the one change is the technique of the cuttings.

A hand noticed, and miter field will do the trick for you.  A miter field consists of a hand noticed with tooth made for cross-cutting – chopping in opposition to the grain of the molding on your body, and a field with slots on either side that information the noticed precisely for 45-degree cuts.

The identical measurement issues apply together with your inventory to make sure reverse rails are exactly the identical lengths.  When you’ve got measured precisely and observe the marks for these measurements on the wooden, you’ll get the identical outcomes with a miter field as you’ll with the ability instruments.

Energy or hand, the outcomes will likely be a body you’ll be proud to hold.  You see, there’s multiple solution to pores and skin a cat.  And, the maths is fairly simple and largely widespread sense, with no calculator required.