Content of the material
- Rule 1: Be on your feet and ready
- Rule 3: Identify the ringleader
- What’s inside a fire truck?
- Behind the Ear
- How to Improve Your Hand Speed
- Punch Faster
- Shadowbox With Gloves On
- Relax Your Punches
- Improving Your Reflexes
- Focus on Defense as Much as Offense
- Spar With a Defense Mindset
- Don’t Fear the Punch
- Other Options
- Solar Plexus
- Fire facts and statistics
- United States
- Fire facts
Rule 1: Be on your feet and ready
Thought: Self explanatory.
Commentary: Agreed. Only MMA guys and wrestlers are any good on the ground. MMA and wrestling have rules, but in a street fight the other guys are just going to start kicking and stomping on you.
Rule 3: Identify the ringleader
Thought: There are five guys, the pattern is always the same: There is a ring leader, two keen followers, and two tagalong guys. If you put down the ringleader and the two keen followers, the fight is over because the tagalong guys always run.
Commentary: This is correct for movie scenes unless it’s a Jackie Chan movie where the numbers are unlimited. In real life any conflict involving more than five people is usually an association fight — gangs, military members, or rugby teams. The good news is you have people with you; the bad news is you are likely to get hit from behind. These are really dangerous situations avoid them at all costs.
What’s inside a fire truck?
Not just water! Here are a couple of photos of some of the equipment stashed inside a typical military fire truck.
Photo: A close up of the equipment carried on a fire truck, by Jeanette Copeland courtesy of RAF Mildenhall and Defense Imagery.
Photo: Some of the cutting equipment, axes, and other tools carried onboard a fire truck. Photo by Tabitha Kuykendall courtesy of US Air Force and Defense Imagery.
- Large trucks carry up to 300 m (1000 ft) of hose.
- Multiple hoses allow several firefighters to work at once. Hoses are often different colors to prevent confusion in the chaos of a major fire. After use, the hoses are hung up to dry from tall towers back at the station to stop them getting damaged.
- Different hose nozzles can make hard jets, soft spray, or fine mist.
- Axes, cutters, rams, and blades are stored in secure cabinets on the truck to help firefighters gain entry to buildings. (See also inset photo.)
- Tank of foam can be added to water to tackle chemical fires.
- Shuttered doors conceal main pumping unit controls and more tools.
- (Not shown) Several ladders carried on roof, each up to 40 ft (12 m) long.
- Aluminum fire suit and breathing apparatus.
- Chemical-proof rubber boots.
- Toughened, flameproof glass and plastic helmet visor.
Behind the Ear
In amateur and professional fighting, it’s not only frowned upon to hit a person in the back of the head, but usually illegal. But what flies in the street and in the ring are two completely different things. There’s a big bundle of nerves in this area, and the coolest thing about this spot is that you can actually feel them with your hands. Apply pressure to the area about an inch and a half or two inches behind the bottom of either one of your ears, farther toward the back of your head. Do you feel how sensitive it is? Now imagine getting punched there. Aside from throwing off your equilibrium, a direct tap on these nerves can—and frequently does—yield a knockout. Link
How to Improve Your Hand Speed
You can see an in-depth guide hereon on how to punch faster. Here, let’s touch on some highlights.
The first tip is to punch faster. You want to make sure that you are throwing each punch to the best of its ability each time. Many fighters cut corners and slow their punches down in order to save stamina. Instead, you want to throw as fast as you can and get in good enough shape to do that the entire fight. This will also help you develop the fast-twitch muscles and take your hand speed to the next level.
Shadowbox With Gloves On
This is one of my favorite tricks to increase hand speed. Shadowboxing is a great exercise to increase hand speed, but when you add 18 oz gloves into the equation, it can take your hand speed to the next level. Do this for 3-5 rounds per day, and you will see your hand dramatically increase in just one week’s time. Just make sure you’re punching as fast as you can with them on.
Relax Your Punches
Many fighters make the mistake of tensing up their punches to make them fast, and it has the opposite effect. What you want to do instead is to relax your arms as you throw but throw with the same intensity. You will find your hands flowing like water.
You can learn more by watching this video:
Improving Your Reflexes
This is going to be a task that involves a perfect relationship between your body and your mind. Your mind will have to be fast enough to perceive the punches, and your body fast enough to get out of the way. Because of that, you have to train both.
Focus on Defense as Much as Offense
The way you train your body for defense is to do a defensive move for every punch you throw. It doesn’t matter if it’s a block, slip, or shoulder roll, you want to do 1 for every punch you throw. So if you throw a 3 punch combo, follow it, or preface it, with a total of 3 defensive moves.
Spar With a Defense Mindset
The best way to work on your defense and your reflexes is to do defense only sparring and allow your opponent to throw shots without throwing anything back. This will get you in the habit of getting punches thrown at you so you won’t overreact when punches come.
Which brings us to our next tip.
Don’t Fear the Punch
One of the worst things you can do is get psyched out by someone who is faster than you. When your mind is in a state of fear it operates slower and in a much more flawed fashion. Rather than escaping punches, your nervous energy will cause you to run into them or worse, freeze up when they come at you. Use tricks like meditation, and lots of sparring, to keep a calm mind when getting hit.
Other options to improve reflexes can include things like the reflex bar, working on the mitts, and having someone toss a tennis ball at you and make you dodge continuously. You can even have a partner swing a pool noodle at you to help your mind and your body gets used to seeing and moving out of the way of blows.
A direct punch to the solar plexus is a real quick way to shut somebody up. The solar plexus is that sweet spot located just under the sternum (chest), but not quite the stomach. Typically referred to in fighting as the bread basket, it’s more effective than a punch to the stomach because it’s far more vulnerable to a direct attack. A swift shot to the solar plexus, delivered at a slight upward angle, is more than enough to end a sticky situation before it begins. Not only will it knock the wind out of your opponent, but if delivered well enough, may even knock them unconscious. Link
Fire facts and statistics
Charts: Top: The USA has about the same number of fire deaths per 100,000 people as European countries, but far fewer than Russia and the Ukraine. Bottom: Three quarters of all fires involve either buildings, wild fires, or vehicles.
- Annual fires: 1,349,500
- Annual fire deaths: 3400
- Annual fire deaths per 100,000 persons = 1.0
- Annual fires: 199,894
- Annual fire deaths: 325
- Annual fire deaths per 100,000 persons = 0.5
- Annual fires: 306,600
- Annual fire deaths: 277
- Annual fire deaths per 100,000 persons = 0.4
- Annual fires: 132,844
- Annual fire deaths: 7,816
- Annual fire deaths per 100,000 persons = 5.3
Source: CTIF World Fire Statistics 2019 No.24 by N.N.Brushlinksy, M. Ahrens, S.V. Sokolov, and P. Wagner, International Fire and Rescue Services, Center of Fire Statistics.
- First fire station: Rome, 24 BCE.
- First US fire department: 1648.
- First UK fire brigade: 1666.
- Pressure of typical fire truck pump: 10 atmospheres (1034 kilopascals, 150 psi).
- Temperature inside a burning building: 815°C (1500°F).
- Number of fires in US each year: ~ 2 million.
- Number of fires in UK each year: ~ 200,000.
- Common fires: Buildings 37%; wild fires 25%; vehicles 14%; garbage 12%.
- Typical fire trucks can pump 5700 litres (1500 gallons) per minute.
- Highest fire-truck ladders: 46 meters (150 feet).
- Number of fire trucks in the US: 70,550 (2017 figure from CTIF).
- Number of reported fires that are false alarms: approx 50% (UK statistic).
- Number of homes with smoke alarms: 76% (UK statistic).
- Number of firefighter fatalities in US each year: 87, including 40 on emergency duty, 17 from injury, and 12 in training. (US FEMA, 2017).