How To Wear Borgues & Wingtips

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Wingtip Vortices: Spinning Air And Adding Drag

What are wingtip vortices? They’re swirling tunnels of air that form on your wingtips. High-pressure air from the bottom of your wing escapes around the wingtip, moving up towards the lower pressure area on the top of the wing. This movement creates a vortex or tunnel of air, rotating inwards behind the wing.

They’re strongest when the air pressure difference between the top and the bottom of the wing is the greatest – which happens when you’re generating the most induced lift. This occurs when you’re at high angles of attack.

During takeoff and landing, you’re slow – so you’re at a high angle of attack and generating strong wingtip vortices.

When you’re cruising at high altitudes, like a jet in the flight levels, the air is thin. So, you need a high angle of attack to generate enough lift to stay level, even though you’re moving fast. Your wingtip vortices are stronger here, too.

Video

How To Wear Style Brogues

Brogues & Jeans

Brogues with denim is one of our favourite combinations. Take a slim pair of blue or raw denim jeans, pair them with brown, black or blue brogues and you have a winner. You can wear them with or without socks. Roll the cuff to add some personal style to your look.

A very gentlemanly way of wearing brogues is to pair them with your suit. Brogue boots and shoes will both work nicely. Once again, socks or no socks is acceptable.

A smart casual essential is the brogue and chino combination. White, blue, khaki and even purple chinos will all work nicely with a pair of brown brogues.

Lastly a killer combo for the warmer months is brogues and shorts. Ditch the socks and go for shorts just above or below the knee. Pair the look with knitwear, shirts and even a blazer. This is a great look if you’re heading to the polo.

Method #4 (Double Back)

This funky lacing style works best using flat laces on shoes with at least 6 eyelets, like sneakers and some boots. Using a 6 eyelet sneaker as our example, (with row 1 being at the bottom), let’s find out how to create this fun pattern:

  1. Thread the lace from the exterior of the lacestay through row 5 of eyelets to form a bar.
  2. Criss-cross the laces.
  3. Skip down to row 3, making sure to thread both ends underneath the bar on row 5.
  4. Insert both ends into the eyelets on their respective sides from the exterior of the lacestay.
  5. Criss-cross the laces.
  6. Skip down to row 6 and insert both ends on their respective sides from the exterior of the lacestay.
  7. Run the right side lace up the interior of the lacestay, to row 5, and thread it through the eyelet.
  8. Run the left side lace up the interior of the lacestay, to row 5, and thread it through the eyelet.
  9. Run the left lace horizontally up to row 4, and thread it through the eyelet from the interior of the lacestay.
  10. Run the right lace horizontally up to row 4, and thread it through the eyelet from the interior of the lacestay.
  11. By now you should see an overlapping pattern.
  12. Feed the right side lace horizontally under the bar on row 5.
  13. Thread the right side lace through the eyelet from the interior of the lacestay on row 6.
  14. Feed the left side lace horizontally under the bar on row 5.
  15. Thread the left side lace through the eyelet from the interior of the lacestay on row 6.
  16. Tie the ends together.

Spectator Shoes

Spectator shoes are full brogues or wingtips in two contrasting colors. Usually, the toe and heel caps and sometimes the lace panels are in a darker color than the main body of the shoe.

Foster & Son Bespoke Co-Respondent spectator s
Foster & Son Bespoke Co-Respondent spectator shoe

Typically the main body of the shoe is made of white or off white leather or canvas fabric, but lately, all kinds of materials, colors, and textures have been utilized including tweed.

Do I Need To Buy Wingtips In Addition To Brogues?

In fact, you’re better off buying brogues, sThe wingtip is a derivative of the brogue, so our advice is to buy a pair of brogues before looking for a pair of wingtips.

In fact, you’re better off buying brogues, semi-brogues, and quarter brogues all before buying a pair of wingtips. These are much easier to find than austerity brogues, and as such you’ll spend less time looking and more time enjoying the shoes you bought.

If you’re a man just beginning to build his shoe wardrobe, a wingtip (if you can find one) is a great sixth or seventh shoe to add to your rotation. Its versatility is such that it can be worn with anything from jeans to suits, so if you invest well, you can have one pair that you wear for years.

Brogue Lacing and Closure Systems

Fringed monkstrap brogue shoe with a u-cap
Fringed monkstrap brogue shoe with a u-cap

Brogues can feature almost any dress shoe closure styles or lacing systems, however, these are not defining characteristics of a brogue except in the case of the Ghillie brogue. Some of the common closure styles available are laced oxfords (closed lacing system) , derby (open lacing system), monk straps (both double and single), side gussets, loafers, and boots (with or without laces).

Unusual two tone slip on loafers with side gussets
Unusual two tone slip on loafers with side gussets and broguing by St. Crispin

Black Leggings with Matching Studded Wingtip Shoes


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To achieve this super cool look, here is what you have to do. Wear a black button up long sleeve shirt at the top. Pair it with a pair of black leather leggings to look lean, tall and edgy. For the shoes, you can wear a pair of black leather studded wingtip oxford shoes to complete the outfit in a very unique and attractive way.

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White Wingtip Oxfords with Ivory Cuffed Slim Fit Jeans


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Here is a very refreshing and stylish outfit that you can easily pull off and look very different from the rest of the crowd in a good way. Simply pair a pair of white wingtip oxfords with a pair of ivory slim fit cuffed jeans. For the top, wear white linen boyfriend shirt to wrap up the look.

Wingtip History

The history of wingtips is tied up in that of the brogue.

Brogues are a 16th-to-17th century Scottish/Irish invention. They were shoes made for wading in water; the perforations were functional and served to let the shoes drain. Nowadays, the perforations are purely decorative. For a long time, brogues were strictly country shoes, but the blurring of the lines between country and city wear has made them more acceptable for town.

Brogues are made in full, semi-, quarter-, blind, and austerity versions (click the link above for pictures of each). The austerity brogue, though technically a misnomer, is a member of the brogue family and is thus bound by its history.

Method #6 (Hash)

Hash lacing is for when you want to switch things up, and have some fun.

  1. Starting from the right, insert the lace through the eyelet on row 1, and pull it evenly from the inside of the lacestay. Pass it through the left eyelet on row 1.
  2. Cross the left lace diagonally to the right side of the lacestay. Skip one eyelet up to row 3, and run the lace over the lacestay and through the eyelet.
  3. Run the lace down the interior of the lacestay, to the skipped eyelet in row 2, and thread it through.
  4. Now, both laces should be on the right side.
  5. Cross the lace that is dangling from row 1 diagonally across to row 3. Run the lace over the lacestay and through the eyelet.
  6. Run the lace down the interior of the lacestay, to the skipped eyelet in row 2, and thread it through.
  7. At this point, both ends should be coming out of opposite sides of row 2. Check to make sure they’re still even; adjust if needed.
  8. Cross the right lace diagonally, skipping row 4, and thread it over the top of the lacestay and through eyelet 5 (the last one).
  9. Run the lace down the interior of the lacestay to the skipped eyelet on row 4 and thread it through.
  10. Cross the left lace diagonally, skipping row 4, and thread it over the top of the lacestay and through eyelet 5 (the last one).
  11. Run the lace down the interior of the lacestay to the skipped eyelet on row 4 and thread it through.
  12. Both ends should now be coming out of opposite sides of row 4.
  13. Check for evenness; adjust if needed.
  14. Alternatively, you can skip steps 10 and 12, and leave the fourth eyelet “blank.”
  15. Tie the ends together.

Loop-Back Lacing:

When you’re rocking Loop-Back Lacing, fancy footwork takes on a whole new meaning. This decorative style loops the laces together straight down the middle of the shoe. It’s the opposite approach of traditional crisscross lacing patterns. To really make the style pop, try thick, round and colorful laces that contrast with the color of the shoe (for example: white laces on black shoes).

Step #1

First thing first, take the lace directly across the bottom eyelets – leaving the left and right laces equal in length.

Step #2

Now you’re going to take each lace diagonally across the shoe, wrap them around each other in the middle and string them back through the inside of the next open eyelet. Note: Laces should loop in the middle, and the left and right laces should always return to the same side.

Step #3

Repeat Step 2 for each eyelet by continuing to loop the left and right laces together in the middle of the shoe and back through the next open eyelet.

Step #4

Once the laces have reached the top of the shoe, tie your preferred knot.

Spider Web Lacing:

This is the show stopper. The Spider Web is a detailed and intricate lacing technique to stand out on the streets and start turning heads. The impressive style weaves an elaborate web with laces going back and forth across the top of the shoe, so follow the steps closely. It’s as complex as it is cool.

Step #1

Begin by lacing straight across the second-from-the-bottom eyelets and make sure each end is even.

Step #2

Slip each end down the outside of the shoe to the first, bottom eyelet.

Step #3

Take each lace diagonally across the shoe, creating an “X” as the laces move into the third eyelets.

Step #4

Now, take each lace straight back down, wrapping under the lace and eyelet directly below (not through the eyelet). Then take the laces up, diagonally crossing into the next open eyelet. In this case, it should be the fourth.

Step #5

Repeat Step 4 until you’ve reached the top eyelets and tied your preferred knot.

Note: This style looks best when shoes have many eyelets to create a more intricate weave and when the sides of the shoe are further apart, displaying more of the shoelace web.

Brogues FAQ

What makes a shoe a brogue? A pair of shoes is considered a brogue if it has decorative perforations (called broguing), as well as serration along the visible edges. Brogue shoes have uppers that are made of multiple pieces of leather. Are brogue shoes formal? In the past, brogues are considered an outdoor shoe and not acceptable for formal occasions. Today, you can wear brogues with business attire and other formal wear. How to choose brogue shoes? Full-grain leather brogues are the best. Choose a pair with a leather sole with stacked leather heels. Rubber sole is also good, but make sure it is good quality like a Ridgeway or Dainite.

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Usage in Reactive Asynchronous Nonblocking Scenarios

Due to the thread-local nature of this library it is more effort to integrate with reactive (asynchronous non-blocking) frameworks like Netty or actor frameworks than with thread-per-request frameworks. But it is not terribly difficult and the benefit of having all your log messages automatically tagged with tracing information is worth the effort. The Tracer class provides the following methods to help integrate with reactive frameworks:

  • Tracer.registerWithThread(Deque)
  • Tracer.unregisterFromThread()
  • Tracer.getCurrentSpanStackCopy()
  • Tracer.getCurrentTracingStateCopy() (not strictly necessary, but helpful for convenience)

See the javadocs on those methods for more detailed usage information, but the general pattern would be to call registerWithThread(Deque) with the request’s span stack whenever a thread starts to do some chunk of work for that request, and call unregisterFromThread() when that chunk of work is done and the thread is about to be freed up to work on a different request. The span stack would need to follow the request no matter what thread was processing it, but assuming you can solve that problem in a reactive framework then the general pattern works well.

NOTE: The wingtips-java8 module contains numerous helpers to make dealing with async scenarios easy. See that module’s readme and the javadocs for AsyncWingtipsHelper for full details, however here’s some code examples for a few common use cases:

  • An example of making the current thread’s tracing and MDC info hop to a thread executed by an Executor:
  • Or use ExecutorServiceWithTracing so you don’t forget to wrap your Runnables or Callables (WARNING: be careful if you have to spin off work that shouldn’t automatically inherit the calling thread’s tracing state, e.g. long-lived background threads – in those cases you should not use an ExecutorServiceWithTracing to spin off that work):
  • A similar example using CompletableFuture:
  • There’s a ScheduledExecutorServiceWithTracing that extends ExecutorServiceWithTracing and implements ScheduledExecutorService, for when you need a scheduler that supports automatic Wingtips tracing state propagation.
  • This example shows how you might accomplish tasks in an environment where the tracing information is attached to some request context, and you need to temporarily attach the tracing info in order to do something (e.g. log some messages with tracing info automatically added using MDC):
  • If you have a third party library that hands back a CompletableFuture when performing work (like a database call) but doesn’t provide hooks for distributed tracing, then you can surround that CompletableFuture with a child span using the wrapCompletableFutureWithSpan helper method (see the javadocs on wrapCompletableFutureWithSpan and OperationWrapperOptions for full details):
  • If you want to use the link and unlink methods manually to wrap some chunk of code, the general procedure looks like this:

ALSO NOTE: wingtips-core does contain a small subset of the async helper functionality described above for the bits that are Java 7 compatible, such as Runnable, Callable, and ExecutorService. See AsyncWingtipsHelperJava7 if you’re in a Java 7 environment and cannot upgrade to Java 8. If you’re in Java 8, please use AsyncWingtipsHelper or AsyncWingtipsHelperStatic rather than AsyncWingtipsHelperJava7.

Blending Winglets Reduce Even More Drag

Older winglets attach to the wing at nearly a 90-degree angle, which generates interference drag.

Jose Luis Celada Jose Luis Celada

Interference drag shows up anywhere you have tight angles. Airflow at these angles mixes and becomes turbulent, creating drag.

With composites and new manufacturing technology, you can now blend winglets into the wing, eliminating interference drag and making the winglets even more efficient.

Michael Bludworth Michael Bludworth

And finally, here’s a great video to help visualize wingtip vortices.

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