Signal as much as obtain our royal e-newsletter
Enter your e-mail tackle now to obtain information, options, podcasts and extra
Thanks for signing as much as obtain our royal e-newsletter
Register to HistoryExtra now to handle your e-newsletter preferences
Handle your e-newsletter preferences now
9. Edward I
By Joseph Martin Kronheim (1810–96) – →
Edward I used to be born in June 1239 and died in July 1307. Often known as Edward Longshanks, he reigned as King of England from 1272 till his demise.
He inherited the throne from his father, Henry III, and had first-hand expertise of the challenges of governing England. He had fought alongside Henry within the battle referred to as the Second Barons’ Warfare, and was taken hostage by the rebellious barons on the Battle of Lewes. Escaping quickly afterwards, he continued the struggle and led the defeat of the rebels on the Battle of Evesham.
With the barons vanquished, Edward joined the Ninth Campaign to the Holy Land. He was on his approach again to England when he heard the information that his father had died. He was clearly in no rush to imagine the crown – it took over a yr for him to finish the journey and his coronation didn’t happen till August 1274.
Edward’s reign noticed him suppress a collection of rebellions, restoring royal authority over England. He additionally established Parliament as a everlasting establishment and created a functioning tax system. He strengthened the nation’s administration and codified English regulation.
Different points of Edward’s legacy, nonetheless, have been removed from constructive. His brutal remedy of England’s northern neighbours earned him the nickname the “Hammer of the Scots”. Jews have been one other goal, and in 1290 Edward issued the Edict of Expulsion, formally expelling all Jews from the nation. The edict was to not be overturned for over 350 years.
40. George VI
Often called “Bertie” to his household and shut associates, George VI was named after his grandfather, Prince Albert. Because the second son of George V, he had by no means anticipated to develop into king and the abdication of his brother Edward VIII to marry Wallis Simpson positioned on him an unwelcome burden. The day earlier than the abdication he went to go to his mom, Queen Mary, reporting, “Once I advised her what had occurred, I broke down and sobbed like a baby.”
On taking the throne, Albert assumed the identify George to replicate continuity along with his father and restore confidence within the monarchy after the turbulence of Edward VIII’s quick reign. He obtained speech remedy for a stammer within the mid Twenties – as dramatised within the movie The King’s Speech – however by no means fully overcame the obstacle.
King all through the Second World Warfare, George and his spouse, Elizabeth, visited bomb websites, munition factories and troops all through Britain to boost morale. The King additionally visited troops overseas in France, North Africa, Malta, Italy and the Netherlands.
He died in his sleep of a coronary thrombosis, aged 56.